Choose toenail fungus treatments

The main provoking factor of nail fungus is infection - penetration of the pathogen into the nail. So, to defeat this disease, doctors will prescribe a variety of antifungal drugs in the legs. Currently, in the pharmacy chain, they are available in a variety of forms - tablets, sprays, as well as varnish and ointments. With timely and complex effects, the disease can be handled in a short time.

home remedies for toenail fungus

Medications for nail fungus

Depending directly on the clinical features of the fungal infection, as well as the prevalence of the disease, the therapist will recommend the best therapy option.

Toenail fungus is neglected

With onychomycosis, drugs are selected from the following types:

  1. With a fungicidal effect - effectively inhibits the activity of most fungal subtypes.
  2. Substances from the allylamine subgroup are effective against mold and yeast microorganisms.
  3. Preparations based on morpholine - suppress the viability of fungi due to a violation of their membrane structure.
  4. Other drugs: based on undecylenic acid, with essential oils, with herbal ingredients.

When choosing a particular antifungal drug, the doctor has to take into account its price, as therapies will need to be taken for a long time - sometimes up to six months or more.

Preparations for topical application

To prevent the fungal microbiota directly in the tissues of the nail, experts are looking at drugs with a local antifungal effect. The pharmaceutical industry produces them in several forms:

  • ointments, creams;
  • varnish;
  • sprays;
  • serum, solution;
  • keratolytic patches.
anti-fungal toenail ointment

As a rule, the listed funds will be in effect at the early stage of onychomycosis - in the case of damage by fungal microorganisms no more than 2/3 of the nail area on 1-2 toes. In other cases, topical therapy is taken as an additional measure against the disease.

The use of varnishes and antifungal creams has its own characteristics - in order to accelerate the penetration of the active ingredients of the drug from the fungus into the inside, preliminary preparation is required:

  • steaming the affected part of the nail - for example, in a soda salt solution while soaking the foot;
  • cutting off the affected nail part - for example, with a pedicure scissors or a file;
  • apply an antiseptic solution;
  • antifungal treatment.

A healthy nail will gradually grow back. However, this will require patience.

Systemic medicine

In the case of a massive fungal infection (a large lesion area, not only the nail but also the infection of other parts of the body with vivid clinical manifestations, forming complications), doctors must resort to the whole drug. Dear. Their goal is to prevent as much as possible the growth and reproduction of the fungal pathogens.

Systemic medicine for toenail fungus

Of course, these drugs have their own advantages:

  • the ability to penetrate deeper into tissues, for which local funds are deprived;
  • store drug concentrations in the place of application for longer - up to several weeks, even months;
  • less effortless to use, especially for some fungal colonies - just taking the pill 1-2 times a day is enough;
  • Cost-effective - as a rule, 1 vial of medication from the fungus is sufficient for the course of treatment.

Among the shortcomings of antifungal drugs, doctors point out:

  • increased toxicity to the patient's digestive system and body in general;
  • inability to use in certain subgroups of patients - for example, in children, pregnant women, as well as the elderly;
  • Some systemic antifungal drugs are lowered to be administered only under static conditions.

To reduce the risk of side effects from medication, specialists will prescribe the drug in short courses - in complex therapy, along with topical sprays or varnishes.

toenail fungus medications

List of effective nail fungus medications

It is very difficult for a person who is unaware of the medicinal properties and mechanisms of the antifungal action of pharmaceuticals to find out which drug will have the desired therapeutic effect faster. In the arsenal of a modern theological researcher, there are many powerful, proven, fungal treatments:

  1. Antifungal varnish.
  2. Antifungal creams should be used when fungus has penetrated shallowly into the nail or damaged neighboring soft tissues of the finger.
  3. Horn killers are an excellent alternative to hardware for getting rid of fungus on the feet, they are recommended for extensive lesions.
  4. Systemic fever reducer - essential for severe nail fungus.

Self-treatment of mycosis is completely unacceptable. The best medicinal regimen for fungal microorganisms should be selected by a doctor. In this case, the treatment will be effective, quick and safe.

Advantages and disadvantages of the drug from the allylamine subgroup

In the pharmaceutical network, drugs from the allylamine subgroup are presented in different dosage forms:

  • cream,
  • medicine,
  • Spray.

The drug is a prominent representative of the antifungal drug from the allylamine subgroup. Therefore, it inherently has a strong antifungal effect against most fungal microorganisms.

When taken orally, the active ingredient of the drug quickly accumulates in the tissues. At the same time, the systemic effect can persist for a long time due to the very high concentration of the fungicide in the nail. Thanks to this feature, the treatment time of onychomycosis can be significantly reduced.

nail fungus treatment

Contraindications are given in the attached detailed instructions from the manufacturer:

  • individual reactions to the main and complementary components of the drug;
  • children of the infected people - children 10–12 years of age;
  • Decompensated disorders of liver cells, as well as kidney.

With extreme caution, an antifungal remedy is prescribed for people who are prone to allergies. Sometimes, on the basis of therapy, undesirable effects arise:

  • headache;
  • digestive disorders;
  • joint as well as muscle pain;
  • allergic rash;
  • sleep disorders;
  • hair loss.

The price of the drug will depend on the form of release, the region, the volume of the bottle.

Features of the drug use based on terbinafine

Oncologists begin antifungal therapy with terbinafine-based drugs, as the manufacturer produces the drug in many forms - from tablets and solutions to varnishes and sprays. This expands the ability of nail fungus to cure even in the advanced stages of the disease.

With the correct selection of the antifungal treatment regimen, positive results can be seen by the end of the second week from the time these funds are used. Spraying of the active ingredient in aerosol form, as well as in tablet form, is considered a particularly successful combination.

nail fungus spray

However, the main advantage of antifungal drugs is a wide range of topical forms. So on the pharmacy shelves are varnishes, ointments and sprays. Just applying them in a directional direction is enough to avoid unwanted systemic complications. In this case, the concentration of the active ingredient remains high for a long time. This allows you to use the drug not only for treatment but also for preventive purposes - to prevent re-infection of the nail. Very rarely can a fungicide cause:

  • rash;
  • increased local burning;
  • uncomfortable itching after application.

Tablets when taken uncontrolled can cause disorders of the immune system, nervous system as well as digestive system and musculoskeletal system.

Fungal treatment is based on fluconazole

As a rule, a modern strong agent containing fluconazole is included in the antifungal treatment regimen, including in cases of infected toenails, with large lesions caused by fungal microorganisms. Available in two forms - tablets and capsules.

Instructions for use from the manufacturer describe in detail the scheme of best possible effects on fungi for different types of onychomycosis. Since treatment will require long-term use of the tablet, the oncologist will select the frequency of use and the duration of treatment on an individual basis.

Combined with topical forms of antifungal drugs - varnishes, sprays, drugs of this group in capsules will have a therapeutic effect on demand. This speeds up the recovery time several times - nails become clean and beautiful.

Fungal treatments are based on fluconazole

Contraindications to the drug:

  • Children under 12 years old;
  • in women - intrauterine pregnancy;
  • Breastfeeding;
  • serious dysfunction in the structure of the liver, as well as the renal tubules;
  • personal response.

The direct cost depends on whether the parent active ingredient is used to make the tablets. The drugs are quite affordable in terms of price. While its counterparts can cause significant financial loss.

Alternative treatments for nail fungus

In addition to the advertised antifungal drugs, alternative medicines will cope with the disease. Common to doctors and patients is:

  • Antiseptic - has a pronounced antiseptic and bactericidal effect, while such drugs are sufficient for applying once a day for two months;
  • Mouthwash with menthol - used in the form of foot baths, for example, in combination with apple cider vinegar, the duration of implementation is about 15-20 minutes per day;
  • Boric acid based products - for getting rid of nail fungus when used properly.

Success in the fight against toenail fungus largely depends on how long antifungal treatment is started. Even a small stain may indicate fungal penetration of the thickness of the nail. It is necessary to deal with them in a complex way - with the help of pills, ointments, medicinal varnishes.